Monday, October 24, 2016


All  Cadenza is to Kia what the Azera is to Hyundai. On the other hand the Avalon is to Toyota. As such, it's a vast and calm front-wheel-drive car with a rich ride, an extravagant inside, and a colossal rearward sitting arrangement. In case you're 6-foot-4, you can sit serenely in the back of these autos. Truly.

For 2017, there's an all-new Cadenza, a marginally more extensive and lower second-era auto that has been enhanced in everything from its more grounded and lighter undercarriage to its attractive styling, which still looks somewhat like the well known Optima and elements what Kia calls a "tiger nose" grille. Regardless of the possibility that you battle to see that tiger,  test and audit of the 2017 Kia Cadenza furnishes you with an unmistakable photo of this enormous Korean-manufactured family vehicle.                                                                                                                                           Thanks to the increased use of high-strength steel, hot-stamped components, and structural adhesives, the unit-body chassis of the 2017 Kia Cadenza is 35 percent stronger in torsional stiffness. This provides a better foundation for the suspension, which features MacPherson struts in front and a multilink rear, along with special Amplitude Selective Damping shock absorbers that make the Cadenza feel plush but controlled. Aluminum front steering knuckles are used to reduce weight, and larger bushings for the front and rear subframes improve lateral stiffness (for more responsive handling) while reducing the Cadenza’s noise, vibration, and harshness. Further adding to this Kia's quiet refinement are extra insulation in the windshield pillars and triple-laminated front windows, plus a special underbody pan that also aids aerodynamics.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           As some time recently, the Cadenza motor is a smooth 3.3-liter V6, still direct-infused yet now tuned for better mileage. This 4-cam motor makes great power (280 pull at 6400 rpm, 250 lb.- ft. of torque at 5200 rpm), and will turn the Cadenza's front wheels in case you're excessively forceful with the throttle when leaving a stoplight. Much more essential, this aluminum-square powerplant with raised pressure (12.0: 1 versus 11.5:1) feels equipped and loose in its obligation, ready to achieve interstate speed easily. Furthermore, at 65 mph, the motor is turning at just 1800 rpm. 

Some of this nice nature is inferable from the Cadenza's new programmed transmission; Kia's initial 8-speed moves commendably easily while you're trundling about town, yet the rigging changes turn out to be reassuringly firm as more throttle is utilized. With forceful throttle utilization you can hear the motor through the firewall, however not to a vexatious degree.                                                           Astute Autobytel visitors may notice that the 2017 Cadenza’s power output is actually slightly less than the 2016 model’s 293 horsepower at 6400 rpm and 255 lb.-ft. of torque at 5200 rpm. What gives? Even though the 2017 Cadenza V6 has bumped compression, higher injection pressure and a new 2-speed oil pump that reduces parasitic losses, Kia, for emissions reasons, has had to switch to a denser catalytic converter, whose added backpressure saps some power.

EPA fuel economy is similarly interesting. All new 2017 Kia Cadenza is rated at 20 MPG city/28 MPG highway/23 MPG combined, only slightly better than the 2016 car’s EPA numbers of 19/28/22. Here’s the scoop: Even though the new Cadenza is a bit lighter and fitted with a new 8-speed automatic transmission that helps fuel economy, tougher EPA tests for 2017 translate to MPG numbers that typically aren’t as good as they were in 2016.  One Kia executive says owners of the new 2017 Cadenza should expect an improvement of about 2 MPG in real world mixed driving.                                                                                                                                                                       The all new 2017 Cadenza was molded at Kia Design Center America, under the direction of Chief Design Officer Peter Schreyer. The roofline has been pulled rearward for somewhat of a fastback outline, and Ray Ng, vital outside planner for the new Cadenza, compares the extending of the sheet metal to making a fitted shirt. "This is an auto my father would to drive," included Ng. "Be that as it may, I wouldn't see any problems with driving it myself." 

The two most eminent styling components: Viewed from the side, the 2017 Kia Cadenza has a solitary line extending from front to raise, ending at Z-molded styling components in the headlights and taillights. It's a great looking look, without a doubt, with a lot of chrome to up the extravagance remainder. Likewise essential is the "Intaglio" grille, whose raised vertical cutting edges look sharp if somewhat subsidiary of Maserati or possibly Buick. Passage level Cadenzas will brandish an alternate grille, a "precious stone butterfly" outline seen in different Kias. In total, we feel the new 2017 Kia Cadenza looks more refined than the 2016 auto, and we can see why says it has an "etched certainty."                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       This one rock's the boat  new luxury sedan should have an attractive interior, and here the 2017 Kia Cadenza delivers. The roomy 5-seat cabin is highlighted by a stylish wraparound dash that flows elegantly into the door panels and features beautiful stitching, pleasant shapes, high-quality soft-touch materials and plenty of buttons, though not so many as to be overwhelming. Large analog gauges greet the driver, and the center console is capped by a large, easily reached color touchscreen. In the upmarket Cadenza I drove, soft Nappa leather covered the heated and cooled seats, and although I found the seats comfortable—thanks in part to an electrically extendable thigh supporter—the quilted diamond-pattern stitching on the bolsters looks a bit odd, a bit reminiscent of down ski vests from the 1970s.

There’s nothing odd, however, about the voluminous space. Thanks to a slightly longer wheelbase, the 2017 Kia Cadenza has an extra half inch of rear legroom, something the previous model didn’t really need. What’s more, even with the large panoramic sunroof, headroom is plentiful for folks 6-foot-4 or shorter.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     The base Kia Cadenza, curiously dubbed the Premium, starts at "less than $32,000" when it goes on sale in October. It’s reasonably well equipped, with a standard backup camera and Kia’s highly regarded UVO infotainment system that now works with Android Auto and Apple CarPlay. Blind-spot detection, rear cross-traffic alert, lane-change-assist, and rear parking assist are optional on this base model, which has 18-in. wheels and the standard grille.

Moving up, we have the Technology. For $39,000 you get a Cadenza with 19-in. wheels, navigation, panoramic sunroof, paddle shifters, high-beam assist, autonomous emergency braking, smart cruise control (that will come to a complete stop), lane-departure warning, forward collision warning, wireless smartphone charging, a Harman Kardon sound system has 12 speakers), and a handy surround-view monitor.

Topping the lineup is the Kia Cadenza SXL Limited, shown in our photos. It’s loaded with all the Technology model has, plus more, and it costs about $45,000. Besides a head-up display, the 2017 Kia Cadenza Limited has a power rear sunshade, pull-up sunshades in each rear door, unique 19-in. wheels, and a Smart Power Trunk. As long as the key fob is in your pocket or purse, the trunk will pop open automatically if you stand directly behind the Cadenza. No awkward swipe of the leg is needed.   On the twisting roads of the horse country near Middleburg, Virginia, the 2017 Kia Cadenza felt at home. This is not a sports sedan, mind you, and it makes no effort to be one. Rather, this large Kia is a comfortable and quiet people hauler with adequate power, and its well-damped suspension, though soft, keeps that spacious body in good control. The electric-assist steering has a light but natural feel, as do the slightly larger brakes. Wind noise is commendably low, and the engine makes its presence known most noticeably at max acceleration, an admittedly rare occasion for most Cadenza drivers. At day’s end, after a long drive in which we also enjoyed the rich sound of the 12-speaker sound system, I still felt fresh; that’s a testament to the remarkable refinement of this large new Kia.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       In addition to a full suite of safety and entertainment technologies, what else can modern electronics provide? With the 2017 Kia Cadenza, it's four driving modes: Eco, Smart, Sport, and Comfort.

Eco is a fuel-saving mode in which the throttle map is slower and the air conditioning compressor works less often. Smart trains the driver to be more efficient, via an icon that switches from white to green when you’re driving in a frugal fashion. Sport, the most noticeable mode, sharpens throttle response, decreases steering assist, and holds gears a bit longer before upshifting. Lastly, Comfort uses standard shift schedules and throttle response, but switches to extra light-effort steering.    If you’re in the market for a large sedan such as the new 2017 Kia Cadenza, there are plenty of others to consider. First among them should be the Cadenza’s mechanical cousin, the Hyundai Azera, which has the same impressive 10-year/100,000-mile powertrain warranty. But we also recommend taking a close look at the impressive new 2017 Buick LaCrosse, and the Chevrolet Impala. Ample interior space is an important (but often overlooked) constituent of luxury, and this is an area in which all of these big sedans deliver.   

Friday, October 14, 2016


All newer BMW Vision Next 100 model needs to improve you a driver, the Rolls-Royce 103EX needs to make you a more agreeable traveler, the Mini Vision Next century 100 idea needs to encourage easy urban versatility, and now Motorrad's Vision Next century100 creation needs to help you escape. 

"Motorcycling is about getting away from the ordinary: The minute you straddle your bicycle, you are totally free," said Edgar Heinrich, head of outline for BMW Motorrad. How does the Vision Next Century100 idea bike let you escape? Without the requirement for a head protector or protective gear , the cutting edge bike lets riders fully experience the elements.
Part of the bike’s design includes classic BMW cues like the black frame triangle (pioneered by the 1923 BMW R32), white lines, and boxer engine shape. Because this bike is powered by a “zero emissions solution,” there is no actual engine, just the appearance of one. What that solution is, exactly, is a mystery, but the housing actually extends outwards when the bike is in motion, aiding aerodynamics.

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One of the Vision Next century 100’s most noticeable features is its Flexframe, which looks like a single piece that connects the front and rear wheels. Because of its malleable nature, it actually helps the bike steer without joints. Just turn the handlebars and the frame turns with it. It’s Gumby’s perfect motorcycle.

As a whole, the bike concept has a naked appearance but its design elements function like a full-faring moto. The large metal reflector above the front wheel has a built-in daytime running light and also helps deflect wind. The seat, upper frame cover, and wings are made of carbon.

The styling is obviously impressive, but more incredible is the technology. The variable tread on the tires helps dampen the bike, the safety systems will automatically balance the bike if the rider is losing control (even if the bike is tipping over while stationary), there’s a “Digital Companion” working in the background to alert riders of upcoming hazards or to take over in emergency situations, and a digital visor shows telemetry, navigation, and other data across the rider’s field of vision by tracking his or her eye movements. There’s almost too much technology to list.                                                                                                                                                                                       The Motorrad Vision 100 Next concept was unveiled alongside intelligent riding gear. The suit warms or cools the rider based on weather conditions, the neck section inflates to provide extra support for the upper vertebrae, and built-in sensors will alert the rider when banking angles become critical. It may look like a fashion statement without the need for bulky protective padding, but it’s as much an engineering feat as the bike itself.
“The BMW Motorrad Vision Next 100 unites the best of both worlds – digital and analogue – for the ultimate emotional experience,” said Heinrich.
BMW has envisioned every element of how riders will engage with their machines decades from now. I won’t say it’s an ideal situation for those who crave control and traditional mechanics, but it’s undeniably innovative.

Tuesday, October 4, 2016


The amount of force that causes an accident is largely dependent on Newton’s 2nd and 3rd laws, i.e. F=MA, and For every action, there is an equal and opposite reactionish, respectively. Newton’s 1st law, Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it, explains why passengers in cars are thrown about in a collision, which usually results in a sudden acceleration or deceleration. Factors that affect the degree of damage to the car and injury to passengers are the hardness of the car body, the initial cruising speed of the car, angle of collision ( from where does the car impact on to), the design of the car, the weight of the car, and body mass and position of the passengers of the any car or truck or van or motorcycles.or bus.
1. The harder the anycar body, the greater the rate of acceleration or deceleration on the whole, for the car. A greater acceleration for the same mass results in greater force ( F=MA), which would mean passengers of the car would be subject to more violent jerking and might possible sustain more injury, even though the car would have less damage. Likewise, the softer the car body, the more damage the car would sustain. This would mean the car body would crumple up more and a slower rate of acceleration or deceleration on the whole for the car, resulting in less violent jerks of passengers, meaning less chance of injury. Of course, if the car were too soft, passengers would be crushed to death by the impact.
                                                                                                                                  The faster the initial cruising speed of the car's, the greater the impact felt. This is explained by 3rd law. If a car were to crash into a brick wall, the brick wall would exert an equal and opposite pressure on the car, which is what causes the car to crumple up and throw the passengers about. For a slower initial cruising speed, the less the force acting on the brick wall and since an equal and opposite reaction is acted on the car, the lesser the force crumpling up the car.

 For head-on and 90 degrees car crashes, front and side airbags would offer the greatest protection and hence minimize injuries sustained by passengers.

However, for 45 degree crashes, meaning impact from the corners of the car, airbags tend to cover less of the areas in which passengers are thrown at, meaning passengers might bump into hard windows are metal frames of the cars and probably more severe injuries.

Design of the car is a complicated aspect.

Recent technological innovations like seatbelts, airbags, impact-absorbing side-panels, front-and-rear head restraints, impact-absorbing bumpers and interiors with no sharp edges have all contributed to less injury sustained by passengers during car collisions.

The greater the weight, or mass, of the car, the greater the forces dealt.

This is because of F=MA, meaning if the car crashing into a stationary car were very heavy as compared to the stationary car, the stationary car could be sent flying. However if the roles were reversed and the car crashing into the stationary car were much lighter than the stationary car, the stationary car would not sustain much damage.

If the passenger of the car were very light, he or she would have a higher chance of being thrown out of his seat than if he or she were a heavier person, as can be explained by F=MA. For the same force applied on the person, if he or she were heavier, meaning greater mass, the acceleration would be less, based on F=MA. Likewise if he or she were lighter, for the same force applied, the acceleration would be greater. The center of gravity of the person would also affect how much he or she is jerked about during collision, the relationship being that a person with low center of gravity would be more stable in his or her seat, while a person with higher center of gravity would be less stable in his or her seat. Center of gravity is related to height above the ground, and mass, meaning to say, in layman terms, a tall person would sway about more than a short person, and a heavier person would bounce around less than a light person.
I draw out a theoretical circumstance to show the computations. 

An auto (An) of 1000 kg going at a steady speed of 100km/h crashes into another auto (B) additionally of 1000kg and going at a consistent pace of 100km/h the other way of the principal auto. There is 1 traveler in both the autos and they both weigh 60kg each. After the crash, both autos were uprooted 10 meters from the purpose of impact in 2 seconds 

Given this, as a result of F=MA, the power that every auto slammed with is [1060 (10/2) ] N, which is 5300N. The traveler of every auto, would consequently encounter 5300N of forward force before being yanked back by the safety belt. 5300N of power on any individual is not a little sum, henceforth both people may manage cerebrum discharge by virtue of the sudden development of the head. The head would move the most on the grounds that it is uttermost from the support which is the lower body strapped to the seat by the seatbelt. The airbag would presumably pad the head and moderate its sudden quickening forward and in reverse by some amount, but 5300N would probably still lead to, at least a broken nose from impact into the airbag. The ensuing snap back into the seat might be hard enough to injure the spinal chord of the passenger, and all this is assuming there are no sharp exposed metal pieces from the crumpled and twisted car metal to cause abrasions, lacerations and internal injury.

Saturday, October 1, 2016


When Fisker first introduced the world to the Karma, almost every automotive analyst pegged the company as an automaker to challenge Tesla. However, Fisker separated itself from Musk and the gang by producing a hybrid-electric with a truly timeless design. The company didn’t want an iPad on wheels. Yet time proved that the Karma wasn’t able at the time to take on that fight. Fisker went bust before it could reveal its full potential. Four years later, the company is back, now with the Karma Revero, semi-new management, and enough capital to propel Karma Automotive to its original potential.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Karma Automotive is still involved a gathering of enthusiastic individuals; the organization's central vehicle fashioner teared up as he talked about the first auto he brought into the world. However, it now has the sponsorship from Wanxiang, the Chinese venture gather that likewise purchased Karma's battery supplier, A123. Wannxiangxiang is worth $23 billion in its nation of origin alone and its North American arm is justified regardless of an extra $3.5 billion, so the firm has noteworthy assets. 

Karma Automotive the gift of the speculation gathering's CEO and organizer to utilize these assets, implying that Wanxiang will give the imbuement of assets Karma should be a win. However, Wanxiang isn't small scale dealing with the reestablished automaker. As per Karma Automotive, the Chinese organization needs Karma to succeed and will give its representatives a chance to do what they excel at: manufacture remarkable cars.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         From Karma Automotive's officials, a key part of the Karma's reintroduction is the rebranding exertion and removing itself from the issues that tormented Fisker; i.e. quality control, supplier issues, issues spinning around cooling, reach, and that's only the tip of the iceberg. Basically, the organization revamped itself from the establishment up, including how the auto is manufactured and how the organization works together. 

With that in mind, it was found that the first auto's designing wasn't done to the gauges of the new Vehicle Line Engineer, Carl Jenkins. He, with whatever is left of the ranking staff, updated a significant part of the procedure and designing done in the first auto. Case in point, the whole wiring weaving machine was overhauled, which was by, "a bundle and establishing bad dream." His group likewise enhanced the warm administration after he took an auto through the gulches just to have three separate cautioning lights alarm him in the initial couple of minutes. Moreover, there were wind current, programming, battery, and different redesigns made.                                                                                                                                                                                             One piece the new team knew they needed to carry over from the Karma to the Revero was the design, which the team considers timeless. Only minor changes were made to the elegant shape penned by Henrik Fisker. Pieces on the grille were tucked, tugged, and lightly breathed on, but the overall shape was left alone, and for good reason as the final result is absolute beauty. The only other piece that Karma Automotive spent time on is the new hood emblem.

Here, Karma Automotive wanted something that would encapsulate not only the company’s rebirth, but that captured a “careful harmony of opposing contrasts” and resembled a piece of fine jewelry, according to Alexander Klatt, VP of Global Design. Each emblem is handmade and is adorned by the artist’s signature, furthering the jewelry theme and the design-centric focus the company embodies.

As for the Revero’s actual functionality, much of the mid-mounted lithium-ion hybrid drivetrain and specifications are carried over from the Karma. The Revero will feature the same total range of 300 miles, with a purely electric range of 50 miles. The same four-cylinder GM-supplied Ecotec engine as the Karma acts as the Revero’s range extender, supplying energy to the car’s batteries. The Karma’s solar panels have been upgraded to provide 1.5 miles of electric charge and have been incorporated into the car’s overall design with a darker finish that helps it dissolve into the roof’s structure.

At launch, the timing of which is still yet to be determined as the company is still in the process of testing and verification, the Revero will be able to hit 60 miles per hour in just 5.3 seconds in Sport mode and owners will be able to use the company’s fast-charging to bring the Revero’s battery to 75 percent full in just 22.4 minutes, faster than Tesla’s Supercharger.                                                                                                                                                                                                           The Revero likewise makes utilization of an infotainment framework that uses a crystalline topic conveyed all through the inside and outside. Not at all like the first Karma, the recently fabricated framework, an in-house creation, is quicker, utilizes a hello there definition show, and is outfitted with a devoted 4G association that backings half and half maps, over-the-air upgrades for both the infotainment framework and the auto's firmware, and in addition Apple's CarPlay and Android's Auto. 

At the point when at long last propelled, likely inside the following 12 months, the Revero will accompany a base  cost between over $120,000 to $130.000. Proprietors will be offered a scope of shading mixes roused by the surroundings of the organization's generation office in Moreno Valley, California. 

Karma Automotive is an organization that is looking past the prompt future. The organization needs more models, however it won't authoritatively express that it plans to construct more. In any case, appeared amid the Revero's dispatch was a model the organization charged that, as indicated by its administrators, "looks to a stylish" that future vehicles could utilize. To our prepared eyes, it would appear that the organization's diagram for its second auto, a two-entryway sports car that could be much more delightful than the Revero. 

At the revealing, Karma Automotive's central income officer said, "We are building each Revero with the workmanship and attention to detail required for a discerning customer looking for a car without compromises.”