Tuesday, June 20, 2017

HYUNDAI IONIQ EV 2017

As charging infrastructure expands, battery generation improves, and the united states’s populace continues to move closer to city centers, natural electric powered vehicles will face fewer obstacles to mass adoption. Hyundai and numerous other mainstream automakers have diagnosed these trends and are filling dealerships with modern electric automobiles at attractive expenses.

The all-new 2017 Hyundai Ioniq hatchback competes with opportunity energy motors across three segments: conventional hybrid, natural EV, and plug-in hybrid (PHEV). This multi-the front offensive gives clients lots of alternatives based on their way of life. those with long commutes will gravitate toward the gasoline-electric hybrid. city dwellers and those with short commutes will gain from a PHEV’s short all-electric range.

The all-electric client is historically an urbanite or has a second car that isn’t situation to variety restrictions. however, while federal and kingdom tax breaks are still in play, a broader institution of new car consumers can also don't forget natural EVs.The Ioniq electric powered is powered by an 88-kWh electric motor and 28-kWh lithium-ion polymer battery. 118 hp and 215 lb-toes of torque is sent to the the front wheels through a unmarried-velocity computerized transmission. Hyundai hasn’t released a zero-to-60 mph time, but unbiased resources estimate an 8.0-2nd run. top pace is constrained to ninety mph.

electric powered vehicles are appealing for lots reasons, but the rush of immediately torque is amongst our favourite perks. At a respectably mild 3,164 kilos, the Ioniq EV surges ahead from every stoplight and has sufficient juice to make safe passes at the dual carriageway. 

The Ioniq comes preferred with three drive modes: Eco, everyday, and game. every mode adjusts throttle mapping to a substantive diploma, but no matter mode, burying the gas pedal too frequently will drain the EV’s battery % fast.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ioniq Electric boasts best-in-class miles per gallon equivalent (mpge) ratings in city, highway, and combined driving conditions: 150/122/136. With the Ioniq Electric’s 124 miles of range per charge, we didn’t need to plug in during the day, and usually had range to spare. Our even mix of highway and city driving (almost entirely in Eco drive mode) returned 122 mpge – slightly off the pace of Hyundai combined estimate.

Beyond drive modes and throttle regulation, Hyundai gives drivers control of braking regeneration to maximize range. Paddles mounted to the steering wheel flip through four levels of regen. Level 0 maintains vehicle momentum, meaning braking is the only way to recover energy, but Level 3 could almost replace the brake pedal – once you’re off the gas, the vehicle hurries to a stop. 

Hyundai claims the Ioniq EV will recharge 80 percent of its battery in just 23 minutes when hooked up to a DC fast charger. If you can access 240 volts at home, you’ll have topped off in 4 hours, but a standard 120V plug could take over 8 hours to fully charge the pack from "empty."                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      As with most other EVs (Teslas being a marked exception), the Ioniq Electric’s battery pack is mounted beneath the rear seats. While this position doesn’t lower the car’s center of gravity like floor-mounted packs, the Ioniq handles quite well. The front axle uses a MacPherson-strut setup and the rear axle uses a torsion beam. 

Combined with 205-section Michelin rubber, the Ioniq feels planted in corners. In most situations, the tires are the limiting factor to the Ioniq’s mechanical grip, panicking the traction control system prematurely. The Ioniq’s electronic steering system is a mixed bag: weight and response are excellent, but on the highway, the system is overly sensitive, requiring constant micro-adjustments. 

In addition to competent handling, the Ioniq Electric offers a smooth and well-damped ride. Be it speed bumps or potholes, the Ioniq absorbs surface shocks to keep the cabin stable.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           other than some “Blue drive” badges and an “electric” nameplate on the bootlid, the Ioniq electric looks like some other hatchback. Drivers who like to wear their environmental deeds on their sleeve received’t recognize the Ioniq’s diffused exterior, but we’d bet most wouldn’t thoughts blending in. 

with out the need to cool a fuel engine, Hyundai’s company hexagonal grille is represented as a solid piece of black plastic with wing extensions stretching beneath each headlight   Without the need to cool a gas engine, Hyundai’s corporate hexagonal grille is represented as a solid piece of black plastic with wing extensions stretching beneath each headlight. Boomerang-shaped LED daytime running lights sit at the bottom corners of the front fascia. 16-inch five-spoke blade wheels come standard, as do thin LED taillights. A gradual sloping roofline leads to a tall rear end, creating a silhouette somewhere between a four-door coupe and five-door hatch. 

The Ioniq Electric won’t turn heads, but its refined exterior is a welcome, mature contrast to the quirky EVs we know and (mostly) tolerate.

Inside, the Hyundai Ioniq Electric uses high-quality materials in an ergonomic layout to create a spacious, comfortable cabin. In particular, we appreciate the brushed metal surfaces covering the door handles, gear selector buttons, steering wheel arm, and dashboard trim. Limited Ioniq models apply soft leather to the steering wheel, seats, center console and door panels.

The front chairs are well bolstered and supple, but lack adequate thigh support for long-legged adults. Rear occupants have generous leg and headroom, along with their own air vents. With the 60/40 split folding rear bench in place, the Ioniq Electric has 24 cubic feet of cargo space. To put that in more practical terms, we’re able to fit two large suitcases and two backpacks without disturbing the rear seats.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       A 7.0-inch digital driver display and 4.2-inch thin-film transistor (TFT) instrument monitor show energy distribution, battery life, and other telemetry data in high resolution. A center-mounted 7.0-inch infotainment system with Apple CarPlay and Android Auto is simple to use, but smaller than most competitor units and of lower resolution. An available 8.0-inch monitor sharpens the graphics and adds navigation. 

Every Ioniq Electric ships with seven airbags, ABS, automatic headlights, electronic stability control, a rearview camera, and driver blindspot mirror. The Limited package adds emergency braking with pedestrian detection and lane departure warning with rear cross-traffic alert. The Unlimited package rounds off the driver aids with lane keeping assist, adaptive cruise control, and dynamic bending lights (pivoting headlights). The Ioniq has a solid listing of protection candies, but we’re scratching our heads that automobile-braking – the quality automated line of defense to mitigate or avoid a prime incident – isn’t general on either base or restrained trims.  

The NHTSA has now not but given the Ioniq a protection score, but we’d expect 5 stars and an IIHS pinnacle protection pick out given Hyundai’s tune report for building secure products.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   As with different alternative energy fashions, Hyundai loads its Ioniq electric powered with lots of preferred equipment. Base models start at $30,335 and restrained trims upload $3K to the fee tag (which includes destination charges). 

Highlights of the bottom trim consist of LED daylight strolling lights, proximity door locks, push-button ignition, automatic headlights, automated climate control, strength home windows with auto driver’s window, heated front seats, 2 USB ports, Bluetooth, HD radio, Apple CarPlay, Android vehicle, and a 3-month Sirius XM trial. 

The confined trim adds leather-based seats, an auto-dimming rearview reflect, LED headlights, car the front passenger home windows, strength folding facet mirrors, and chrome door handles.

an unlimited package is available at the Ioniq electric restricted for $3,500. capabilities encompass the aforementioned driver aides, a power moonroof, an Infinity 8-speaker premium audio device, wi-fi phone charging, Blue link guidance for three years, and dynamic headlights. 

every Ioniq includes an industry-great 10-12 months/100,000-mile powertrain warranty and five-12 months/60,000-mile 

Tuesday, June 13, 2017

BENTLEY AND THE 12-CYLINDER ENGINE

The Bentley Continental GT marked the start into the duration of complete independence. For some 70 years Rolls-Royce and Bentley had been produced side by side until the very last separation of both marques below the wings of various discern companies from 2003 onward. The Bentley Continental GT changed into the fastest genuine 4-seat vehicle within the world - a wearing coupĂ© with out rival. glaringly Bentley remembered key elements from the beyond and combined those with destiny demands as regards an ambitioned thoroughbred sports activities car. As a end result the brand new Continental GT blended best Grand visiting traditions with a number of automotive international’s maximum advanced technology.

It didn’t want time-consuming studies within the business enterprise’s records to discover the legendary Bentley R Continental (1952-1955); at its time the fastest collection-made 4-seat vehicle global. After a gap of about 1/2 a century that role turned into occupied with the aid of a Bentley once more, the brand new Continental GT. it is nicely well worth to factor out with 4 suitable seats this version offered extra than the as an alternative devalued compromise of a 2+2 sometimes found somewhere else. Accelerating from zero to 60mph in 4.7 seconds and able to a pinnacle pace in excess of 190mph (over 300km/h) this 4-seater changed into unique.

The 6-litre twin turbocharged W12- engine’s strength output become 552bhp/411KW. A huge truth become a most torque generated at simply 1.600rpm. never before a 12-cylinder engine were hired on a Bentley motor automobile. The link between engine and wheels was supplied through ZF-built six-speed automatic transmission. thru guidance wheel paddles the driving force can determine on Tiptronic actuation, i.e. pick among conventional automated or clutchless manual gearchange. A six-speed automated become a novelty on a Bentley, that might be stated of 4-wheel drive and air springs used at every nook in vicinity of conventional coils, too. digital traction control and electronic stability programme had been geared up, of course. An extremely-state-of-the-art community of electronic control units processed information fed to them from sensors around the auto and instructed engine, transmission, suspension and brakes to behave in concord.Bentley says that it plans to hold on constructing its W-12 engine for the foreseeable destiny, with a senior supervisor telling us that the agency plans to be the “closing manufacturer of 12-cylinder engines in the international.”

And it possibly can be, despite the fact that Mercedes-Benz has advised us it has a similar intention. Bentley now assembles W-12 engines for the whole Volkswagen organization—even though it uses the tremendous majority of them itself—and will also lead future development. assets in the agency inform us that the 6.0-liter twin-turbocharged unit will quickly switch to direct injection, however otherwise it must be capable of meet all impending emissions requirements on each facets of the Atlantic.

even though the W-12 become first visible within the Audi A8 and the Volkswagen Phaeton within the early 2000s (after being previewed inside the astonishing Volkswagen W12 Syncro supercar concept of 1997), it has emerge as maximum associated with Bentley, powering the brawnier variations of the Continental and Flying Spur degrees. and because the organisation’s approaching SUV will also be supplied with a W-12, production is truely set to boom. Bentley made 5000 W-12s remaining yr, however that’s possibly to rise to approximately 9000 as soon as the SUV comes on line. outside of Bentley, the most effective new automobile nevertheless using the W-12 are range-topping variations of the Audi A8, which sells in tiny volumes. energy outputs are likely to increase slightly—the recently launched Continental speed has 616 horsepower—although we’re advised that the biggest limit on boosting output is the torque restriction of any transmission the engine is fitted to.

Audi is reportedly running on a 600-hp ‘Plus’ version of the four.0-liter dual-turbocharged V-eight it shares with Bentley, which we believe is getting a bit too close for consolation. Of route, Bentley has a proud records of maintaining engines in production for decades, and the W-12 is still a spring hen as compared with the business enterprise’s venerable 6.seventy five-liter V-eight, which, in closely changed form, remains going sturdy inside the Mulsanne, 55 years after it turned into delivered. Oh, and we’ve been advised to assume a pace model of the Mulsanne subsequent yr.

Sunday, June 4, 2017

THINGS YOU DIDN'T KNOW ABOUT SEMI TRUCKS

There are about 5.6 million semi trailers (or tractor trailers) registered for use in the U.S., almost three times the number of semi trucks (also called tractors). It was the trailer that gave rise to the name semi truck. Since the trailer has no front wheels and can be used only when connected to the tractor part of the truck, it's called a semi-trailer. The terms "semi" and "semi truck" evolved from that. Sam Peckinpah's Convoy grossed about $15 million in 1978, when it came out. Not bad—though that year's top-grossing movie, "Animal House", made $141 million. In December, 1975, the song "Convoy," on which the movie was loosely based, was the No. 1 song in the U.S. for a week, written and sung by award-winning ad man Bill Fries under the name C.W. McCall, a character he created to promote an Iowa bakery. Here's a trucker-to-English translation of one of "Convoy's" verses that inspired the movie: 

Lyrics: "It was the dark of the moon on the sixth of June in a Kenworth pullin' logs, a cab-over Pete with a reefer on, and a Jimmy haulin' hogs. We's headin' for bear on I-one-O 'bout a mile outta Shakeytown, I says 'Pigpen, this here's Rubber Duck, and I'm about to put the hammer down.'" 

English translation: One June 6 night, three trucks—a Kenworth, a Peterbilt with tilt-cab engine access, and a GMC—were approaching a highway patrol car on Interstate 10 one mile east of Los Angeles, when the Kenworth driver announced on his CB two-way radio to the GMC driver, who had a trailer filled with live hogs, that he was getting ready to speed up. 

Despite all the CB lingo, the film couldn't touch 1977's trucker-themed Smokey and the Bandit, which grossed more than $100 million. (Maybe it needed a Trans Am.) Plus, don't forget about trucker movies like White Line Fever and Breaker! Breaker!, the latter starring Chuck Norris.

The top-selling brand of semi truck is Freightliner; it sells about a third of the 190,000 new semis sold annually. Freightliner is owned by Daimler Trucks North America, which also owns the Western Star brand. Second most popular is Navistar International, followed by PACCAR, which owns the Peterbilt and Kenworth brands. Fourth is Volvo, which also owns the Mack brand

Trailers are typically 53 feet long. They have brakes that are automatically applied when the trailer is standing unattached to the truck. When the truck is connected to the trailer, pressure from the truck's engine-powered air pump releases the brakes so that it can roll. One-third of all of the 1,900,000 semi trucks operating in the U.S. are registered in California, Florida, and Texas. There are 3.2 million truck drivers in the U.S., however. About 90 percent of trucking companies and owner–operators have fewer than six trucks.Two-Thirds of America

On average, semi trucks drive about 140 billion miles a year in the U.S. (as of 2006). Sixty-eight percent of all goods in the U.S. are delivered by semi truck. That works out to about 60,000 pounds per American every year, although the two largest commodities by weight are agricultural and building materials. Each year a single semi will average 45,000 miles, yet the estimates from the trucking industry and the Federal Highway Administration are closer to 100,000 miles for long-distance trucks. Semi trucks make up just 15 percent of commercial trucks in the U.S., yet they travel 42 percent of all miles covered by commercial trucks. Large commercial trucks covered about a quarter of a trillion miles in 2006, while total vehicle miles were about 3 trillion. In 1973, the feds estimated that semis got about 5.6 miles per gallon of diesel; today's estimate is 6.5 mpg, although different trucks get fuel economy in a range from 4 to 8. Going up a steep hill, a truck's mileage might drop to about 2.9 mpg, while going down the same hill will raise it to more than 23 mpg. New fuel-economy standards that take effect beginning in 2014 will require semi trucks with a sleeper cab to get 7.2 mpg on level roads. 

How do you make a huge, heavy truck more fuel efficient? Truckmakers are working heavily on aerodynamics and tire rolling resistance. Fairings that hide the leading edge of the trailer, side skirts that prevent wind turbulence under the trailer, and round caps over the rear trailer doors all combine to improve fuel mileage. The new "super single" wide wheels and tires that replace dual wheels and tires are said to improve fuel mileage by up to 7 percent. A promising future engine technology will measure the speed at which the engine is most efficient compared to load and environment and automatically maintain that speed. The maximum weight for a U.S. semi truck and full trailer is 80,000 pounds spread over 18 conventional wheels. Out in the wide-open spaces of Australia, however, "road trains" can have four trailers and weigh in excess of 300,000 pounds. How much power does it take to move a fully loaded semi and trailer? A Detroit Diesel DD15 14.8-liter inline six-cylinder engine weighs 2880 pounds, or 345 pounds more than a Mini Cooper. This colossal powerplant makes up to 560 hp and 1850 lb-ft of torque, and at just 1200 rpm the engine produces more than 1500 lb-ft of torque. Most turbocharged diesel engines put out between 1200 and 2050 lb-ft to keep all that weight moving.